How to Brew the Perfect Cup of Joe

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Second only to water, coffee is the most consumed beverage in the world. Contributing to its popularity, coffee has a unique taste, smell, and aroma. In addition, caffeinated coffee has numerous benefits, making the consumer more alert and aware. Coffee, especially organic blends, might have numerous health benefits as well. For example, caffeinated coffee can increase one’s activity level. When consumed in moderation and coupled with a healthy diet and exercise routine, coffee can aid in one’s weight loss regime. However, for coffee aficionados and the everyday home user alike, achieving the perfect blend is dependent on numerous factors.

Many factors contribute to making superior-tasting coffee. For one, the water used during brewing actually impacts the taste of coffee. Making up about 98 percent of a single cup of coffee, the water used for coffee making should be fresh and taste well. The amount of minerals in water contributes to its taste, and ideally water should have a dissolved mineral concentration between three to six hardness grains. Furthermore, great-tasting coffee is also dependent on clean equipment. The coffeemaker should be thoroughly cleaned after each use and free of any leftover odors or residue, which can impact the taste of future brews.

In detail, the coffeemaker’s funnel and spray head should be free from hard water deposits. The water reservoir and the pitcher should also be cleaned carefully, removing any existing lime elements. Clearly, any serving accessories require thorough washing after each use. In addition to cleaning the coffee making equipment itself, one should also clean the serving area to ensure high-quality coffee.

Temperature and brewing time are also important elements that impact brews. During brewing, the water temperature affects coffee extraction and subsequent flavor. An ideal water brewing temperature ranges from 195º to 205º Fahrenheit. The main component that determines a coffee brew’s flavor is the amount of coffee extracted during brewing. Both brewing time and the amount of time the coffee grounds are in direct contact with the water determines extraction.

In coffee making, turbulence occurs when water passes over and around coffee. When properly achieved, turbulence causes coffee particles to separate, thus forming a uniform stream of water around the coffee grounds. Filtration is another element of coffee production. Generally, paper filters are the most popular and are highly effective. In addition to producing quality in-home and commercial coffeemakers, Bunn also specializes in paper coffee filters. These filters are designed for optimum extraction, developed for even challenging brews, like special flavors or decaffeinated coffee, and are designed to remain in the appropriate position, ensuring that coffee grounds do not overflow.

Having a general understanding of the coffee brewing process ensures that one creates quality brews. During wetting, the coffee grounds absorb hot water, and the entire coffee ground batch should receive the same amount of water to ensure proper extraction. As noted above, coffee ground minerals dissolve during extraction, moving from the coffee grounds to the water. Finally, the coffee process undergoes hydrolysis, or a chemical reaction where the minerals break down further.

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